Denture Stomatitis: Causes & How to Prevent It

A woman holding a pair of dentures and covering her mouth in front of a pink background.

Denture Stomatitis: Causes & How to Prevent It

A woman holding a pair of dentures and covering her mouth in front of a pink background.

Denture stomatitis, also known as denture-related candidiasis or denture sore mouth, is a prevalent condition that affects individuals who wear dentures. It is not uncommon for individuals to have this condition without realizing it which is why it’s crucial to understand the causes and treatments ahead of time. This article will delve into the various aspects of denture stomatitis, including its causes, symptoms, treatment options, and prevention techniques.

What is Denture Stomatitis?

Denture stomatitis is a condition that occurs when the oral tissues underneath a denture become inflamed and irritated. It is estimated that denture stomatitis affects up to 65% of denture wearers.

The condition is more common in older individuals and those with poor oral hygiene. Denture stomatitis can range from mild to severe, with symptoms varying from redness and inflammation to the development of painful sores.

Causes of Denture Stomatitis

The primary cause of denture stomatitis is the overgrowth of Candida albicans, a fungus that naturally resides in the oral cavity. However, certain lifestyle factors can contribute to the development of this condition. Poor oral hygiene, such as inadequate denture cleaning and improper storage, can create an environment conducive to fungal growth.

Ill-fitting dentures that cause constant irritation and trauma to the oral tissues can also lead to stomatitis. Additionally, factors such as smoking, diabetes, and a weakened immune system can increase the risk of developing denture stomatitis.

Common Symptoms of Denture Stomatitis

Denture stomatitis presents with several common symptoms. The most noticeable sign is the redness and inflammation of the oral mucosa ( the skin inside of the mouth) covered by the denture. The affected area may appear swollen and exhibit small bumps or raised lesions.

Denture wearers may also experience discomfort, pain, or a burning sensation, especially when wearing their dentures. In severe cases, there may be the development of ulcers or sores that can be painful and may lead to difficulty while eating and speaking.

Treatment Options for Denture Stomatitis

The treatment of denture stomatitis involves both managing the fungal infection and addressing the underlying causes. Antifungal medications, such as topical creams or oral tablets, are commonly prescribed to eliminate a Candida infection. It is essential to follow the prescribed treatment regimen and complete the full course of medication.

In addition to antifungal therapy, denture hygiene is crucial. Regular cleaning of the denture and oral tissues, including brushing and soaking the denture in antimicrobial solutions, can help prevent reinfection. In cases of ill-fitting dentures, adjustments or replacement may be necessary to alleviate the irritation and trauma to the oral tissues.

Proper Denture Care to Prevent Stomatitis

Proper denture care is essential in preventing denture stomatitis. Dentures should be cleaned thoroughly after each meal to remove food debris and plaque. Using a soft-bristled brush and non-abrasive denture cleaner or mild soap is recommended. It is important to avoid using toothpaste, as it can be abrasive and damage the denture surface.

Dentures should be rinsed thoroughly to remove any cleaning solution residue. Additionally, dentures should be soaked in an antimicrobial solution regularly to eliminate any potential fungal or bacterial growth.

Lifestyle Changes to Reduce the Risk of Denture Stomatitis

Apart from proper denture care, certain lifestyle changes can help reduce the risk of denture stomatitis. Quitting smoking is highly recommended, as smoking can impair the immune system and increase the risk of fungal infections.

Maintaining good oral hygiene, including brushing the remaining natural teeth and gums, is essential in preventing the development of stomatitis. Regular dental check-ups are also important to ensure the proper fit and condition of your dentures.

Protect Your Smile With Help From Shelby Dental

Denture stomatitis is a common condition that affects individuals who wear dentures, but with proper oral hygiene and regular dental appointments, you can prevent this disease. If you are experiencing symptoms of denture stomatitis or require expert denture services, schedule an appointment with Shelby Dental for expert personalized treatment. Don’t let Denture stomatitis stop you from smiling!

Expert Denture Services with Shelby Dental in Calera, AL

Shelby Dental is Calera’s first choice for denture services. We’ve proudly served the area for over 25 years and offer same-day dentures to ensure that you feel confident in your smile as quickly as possible. For any questions or concerns about dentures, don’t hesitate to get in touch with us today. Schedule your appointment by dialing 205-235-5859 or visiting our website.